Reasons to have a colonoscopy are:
Factors that increase the risk of developing colonoscopy include:
colonoscopy can be prevented by adopting the following means:
Here are the general steps involved in a colonoscopy procedure:
Preparation: Before the procedure, the patient is instructed to empty their colon by following a special diet and taking laxatives. This is important to ensure that the colon is clear and the doctor can see any abnormalities during the procedure.
Sedation: The patient is given sedation to help them relax and minimize discomfort during the procedure.
Insertion of Colonoscope: The doctor inserts the colonoscope through the rectum and into the colon. The colonoscope is a long, flexible tube that has a light and a camera on the end.
Visualization of Colon: As the doctor slowly advances the colonoscope, they view the inside of the colon on a video monitor. Air is sometimes introduced into the colon to help the doctor see better.
Biopsy or Removal of Abnormalities: If the doctor sees any abnormal tissue, such as polyps or suspicious areas, they may take a biopsy or remove the tissue for further examination.
Completion of Procedure: Once the doctor has examined the entire colon and rectum, the colonoscope is slowly withdrawn.
Recovery: The patient is monitored for a short time after the procedure to ensure they are recovering well. They may experience some cramping or bloating, but these symptoms usually subside quickly.
Rest and Hydrate: After the procedure, you may feel groggy or tired. Take the rest of the day off from work or other activities, and drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
Diet: Your healthcare provider may advise you to eat a light diet for the first few days after the procedure. Avoid heavy, greasy, or spicy foods that may irritate your colon. Gradually resume your normal diet as your bowel movements return to normal.
Medication: If you were given sedation during the colonoscopy, you should not drive or operate heavy machinery for the rest of the day. Also, follow any instructions given to you about taking medication.
Watch for Complications: In rare cases, complications can occur after a colonoscopy, such as bleeding or perforation of the colon. If you experience severe abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, fever, or other concerning symptoms, contact your healthcare provider immediately.
Follow-Up: Your healthcare provider may advise you to return for a follow-up appointment to discuss the results of the colonoscopy and any further treatment that may be needed.
Computed tomography (CT) colonography or virtual colonoscopy uses special x-ray equipment to examine the large intestine for cancer and growths
most other screening tests, the test uses X-rays to create pictures of the colon and rectum. The amount of radiation is small.