What is Endoscopy ?

Diagnotic procedure under gastro entrology department

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the use of a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light source at the end, called an endoscope, to examine the inside of a patient's body. The endoscope is inserted through a natural opening in the body or a small incision, allowing doctors to visualize internal organs, tissues, or cavities such as the digestive tract, respiratory system, urinary system, and reproductive system.
MGM Hospital CBD provides advanced endoscopy services using state-of-the-art equipment and experienced medical professionals.



If you have any endoscopic symptoms, kindly contact our hospital immediately:

  • Fever
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bloody, black or very dark colored stool
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Severe or persistent abdominal pain
  • Vomiting, especially if your vomit is bloody or looks like coffee grounds


The healthcare staff at MGM hospital CBD belapur takes all following essential efforts to reduce the risk of problems during and after the endoscopic treatment:

An endoscopy is a very safe procedure. Rare complications include:

Bleeding:- Your risk of bleeding complications after an endoscopy is increased if the procedure involves removing a piece of tissue for testing (biopsy) or treating a digestive system problem. In rare cases, such bleeding may require a blood transfusion.

Infection:-Most endoscopies consist of an examination and biopsy, and risk of infection is low. The risk of infection increases when additional procedures are performed as part of your endoscopy. Most infections are minor and can be treated with antibiotics. Your provider (Our experienced gastroenterologist)may give you preventive antibiotics before your procedure if you are at higher risk of infection

Tearing of the gastrointestinal tract:- A tear in your esophagus or another part of your upper digestive tract may require hospitalization, and sometimes surgery to repair it. The risk of this complication is very low — it occurs in an estimated 1 of every 2,500 to 11,000 diagnostic upper endoscopies. The risk increases if additional procedures, such as dilation to widen your esophagus, are performed. A reaction to sedation or anesthesia. Upper endoscopy is usually performed with sedation or anesthesia. The type of anesthesia or sedation depends on the person and the reason for the procedure. There is a risk of a reaction to sedation or anesthesia, but the risk is low.


To avoid an endoscopy, our hospital can provide the following preventative measures:

  • Don’t eat or drink anything until you can comfortably swallow.
  • Avoid consuming alcohol for at least 24 hours after your procedure.
  • Maintaining a healthy diet.
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Screening for cancer.
  • Treating underlying conditions.
  • Reducing alcohol consumption.

Steps of Endoscopy

  • Preparation: Before the procedure, the patient will be asked to fast for a certain amount of time to empty their stomach. They may also be given medication to help them relax or sedated. The doctor will explain the procedure, including any risks or possible complications.

  • Anesthesia: Depending on the type of endoscopy, the patient may be given local anesthesia to numb the area where the endoscope will be inserted, or general anesthesia to make them unconscious during the procedure.

  • Insertion: The doctor will gently insert the endoscope through the patient's mouth, anus, or another opening, depending on the area being examined. They will use the camera to guide the endoscope through the body and look for any abnormalities or problems.

  • Examination: As the endoscope moves through the body, the doctor may take tissue samples, remove polyps or other growths, or perform other procedures as necessary. They may also use tools attached to the endoscope to take pictures or videos of the inside of the body.

  • Removal: When the examination is complete, the doctor will gently remove the endoscope from the body. Depending on the type of anesthesia used, the patient may need to be monitored for a period of time to make sure they are fully awake and alert before they are allowed to go home.

  • Recovery: After the procedure, the patient may experience some discomfort or bloating, but this usually goes away within a few hours. They will be given instructions on how to care for themselves at home, including what to eat and drink, and when they can resume normal activities.

  • Follow-up: The doctor will review the results of the endoscopy and may schedule a follow-up appointment to discuss any findings or treatment options.


What care should be taken after endoscopy?

Rest: You may need to rest for a short period of time after the procedure to allow the sedation to wear off. It is also important to avoid strenuous activities for at least 24 hours after the procedure.

Avoid eating or drinking: You may be advised to avoid eating or drinking anything for a certain amount of time after the procedure, depending on the type of endoscopy you had. Your doctor will provide specific instructions.

Monitor for complications: Watch for signs of complications, such as fever, difficulty breathing, severe abdominal pain, or bleeding.

Follow instructions on medications: Your doctor may prescribe medications to help with pain or discomfort. Follow the instructions carefully and do not take any additional medications without consulting your doctor.

Follow a special diet: You may need to follow a special diet for a period of time after the procedure, such as avoiding spicy or acidic foods.

Avoid alcohol and smoking: Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking for at least 24 hours after the procedure.

Follow-up appointment: You may need to schedule a follow-up appointment with your doctor to discuss the results of the procedure and any further treatment that may be needed.


An endoscopy offers an opportunity to collect tissue samples (biopsy) to test for diseases and conditions that may be causing anemia, bleeding, inflammation or diarrhea. It can also detect some cancers of the upper digestive system.

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