What is Ovarian Cyst?

Ovarian cysts are common growths that develop on or inside your ovaries. There are several types of cysts. The most common kinds are harmless, don’t cause symptoms and eventually go away without treatment. Rarely, cysts can cause complications that require your provider’s attention. Getting regular pelvic exams can help reduce your chances of experiencing problems with a cyst.
At MGM Hospital CBD, we understand that ovarian cysts can cause discomfort and concern for our patients. Our expert team of gynecologists and imaging specialists work together to provide accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plans for each patient.



If you have any of the symptoms of an ovarian cyst, please contact our MGM hospital right away:

  • Pelvic pain or a dull ache in your back.
  • A feeling of fullness (bloating) located in your lower belly that may feel more pronounced on one side of your body.
  • Pain during intercourse (dyspareunia).
  • Painful periods.


The following consequences of an ovarian cyst are treated at our hospital:

  • Abnormal cell reproduction. Atypical cell reproduction can cause cysts like dermoids and cystadenomas to form.
  • Endometriosis. These cysts often form on the ovary in the advanced stages of endometriosis.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Severe pelvic infections can spread to your ovaries, causing cysts.


Our medical professionals at MGM hospital CBD work with you to determine your unique risk factors for ovarian cysts and offer strategies you may take to lower your risk:

  • Hormonal problems.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Endometriosis
  • Severe pelvic infection.
  • Previous ovarian cysts.


Our MGM hospital may provide the following precautionary methods to avoid an ovarian cyst: There's no way to prevent most ovarian cysts. But, regular pelvic exams help ensure that changes in your ovaries are diagnosed as early as possible. Be alert to changes in your monthly cycle. Make a note of unusual menstrual symptoms, especially ones that go on for more than a few cycles. Talk to your health care provider about changes that concern you.

How is it diagnosed?

At MGM hospital,Here are some following common diagnostic tests and procedures used to diagnose ovarian cyst: Ovarian cysts can sometimes be detected during a pelvic examination, although an imaging test, usually a pelvic ultrasound, is necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are also sometimes used, but less commonly.
At MGM Hospital CBD, the diagnosis of ovarian cysts involves a comprehensive evaluation that may include the following steps:

•Medical history and physical exam
•Imaging tests
•Blood tests


How is it treated?

For larger or more complex cysts, our team may recommend surgical removal. At MGM Hospital CBD, we specialize in minimally invasive procedures, such as laparoscopic or robotic-assisted surgery, which offer less pain, smaller scars, and a faster recovery time compared to traditional open surgery. In some cases, removal of the affected ovary or ovaries may be necessary.
If a cyst is causing symptoms or has the potential to cause complications, treatment options may include:
•Watchful waiting

Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy

Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is a surgical procedure that is used to remove an ovarian cyst using a laparoscope, which is a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light attached to the end. This technique is minimally invasive, meaning that it requires only small incisions in the abdomen, which results in less pain, faster recovery time, and fewer complications compared to traditional open surgery.

Description of the Laparoscopic Ovarian Cyst Procedure

The test can help tell if ovarian cancer has spread to other organs. CT scans do not show small ovarian tumors well, but they can see larger tumors, and may be able to see if the tumor is growing into nearby structures.CT findings of a hyperdense focus inside an ovarian cyst are suggestive of endometriotic cysts.
A small incision will be made just below the navel. Next, a laparoscope will be inserted. This is a thin tube with a camera on the end. Carbon dioxide gas will be pumped into the abdomen to allow the doctor to view the organs better. The laparoscope will be used to locate the cyst. When it is found, one or two more incisions will be made. Small tools will be inserted through them. The cyst wil be removed. Tissue may be removed for testing. If cancer is found, both ovaries may need to be removed. The instruments will be removed. The incision area will be closed with stitches or staples. Bandages will be placed over the area.

The doctor may need to switch to open surgery if the procedure cannot be done laparoscopically. During an open surgery, a larger incision will be made in the abdomen to do the surgery.

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